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CLASSIC NOVELS


Hard Times
by Charles Dickens (1854)

"My satire is against those who see figures and averages, and nothing else," proclaimed Charles Dickens in explaining the theme of this classic novel. Published in 1854, the story concerns Thomas Gradgrind who raises his children, Tom and Louisa, in a stifling and arid atmosphere of grim practicality.
Without a moral compass to guide them, the children sink into lives of desperation and despair, played out against the grim background of Coketown, a wretched industrial town. Louisa falls into a loveless marriage with Josiah Bouderby, a vulgar banker, while the unscrupulous Tom, totally lacking in principle, becomes a thief. Witnessing the degradation and downfall of his children, Gradgrind realizes that his own misguided principles have ruined their lives.
Considered Dickens' harshest indictment of mid-19th-century industrial practices and their dehumanizing effects, this novel offers a fascinating tapestry of Victorian life, filled with the richness of detail, brilliant characterization, and passionate social concern that typify the novelist's finest creations.

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MORE CLASSIC AUDIOBOOKS FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS
(Click on title to see information about the book)

CLASSIC LITERATURE CAN BE CHALLENGING FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS SOMETIMES, BUT IF YOU FEEL AMBITIOUS, PLEASE GIVE THESE BOOKS A TRY — THERE ARE VERY GOOD REASONS THEY ARE CONSIDERED 'CLASSICS'.

—19th Century Classics—
Pride and Prejudice
Jane Austen  (1813)
Emma
Jane Austen  (1815)
A Christmas Carol
by Charles Dickens (1843)
Jane Eyre
Charlotte Brontë (1847)
Madame Bovary
by Gustave Flaubert (1856)
A Tale of Two Cities
Charles Dickens (1859)
Crime and Punishment
Fyodor Dostoyevsky  (1866)
Little Women
Louisa May Alcott(1868)
War and Peace
Leo Tolstoy  (1869)
The Way We Live Now
by Anthony Trollope (1875)
Anna Karenina
Leo Tolstoy  (1877)
The Turn of the Screw
Henry James  (1898)
—20th Century Classics—
Demian
Hermann Hesse  (1919)
Winesburg, Ohio
by Sherwood Anderson (1919)
An American Tragedy
by Theodore Dreiser (1925)
The Great Gatsby
F. Scott Fitzgerald  (1925)
The Sun Also Rises
Ernest Hemingway  (1926)
A Farewell to Arms
by Ernest Hemingway (1929)
All Quiet on the Western Front
Erich Maria Remarque (1929)
Brave New World
Aldous Huxley  (1932)
Tender Is the Night
F. Scott Fitzgerald  (1934)
It Can't Happen Here
Sinclair Lewis  (1935)
In Dubious Battle
by John Steinbeck (1936)
Animal Farm
George Orwell  (1945)
1984
George Orwell  (1949)
The Catcher in The Rye
J.D. Salinger  (1951)
The Old Man and the Sea
Ernest Hemingway
  (1952)
Fahrenheit 451
by Ray Bradbury (1953)
Lord of the Flies
William Golding  (1954)
 
To Kill a Mockingbird
Harper Lee (1960)
   
 
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or Foreign Language (ESL/EFL), also called English Language Learning (ELL)
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